Information from GardenArt


The perennial reliability of Daffodils rewards gardeners with a wide variety of form, color and bloom time in the spring. Daffodils are categorized by 13 groupings, 12 of which are determined by the physical charecteristics and genetic background of each cultivar. The Trumpet category is the most popular due to the large flowers bore single stems.

Daffodils can offer up to 8 weeks of color if the proper cultivars are selected ('King Alfred' and Ice Follies' are examples of cultivars). Daffodil 'season' is divided into cultivars which are 'early', 'mid' and 'late' bloomers. In better bulb catelogues, such as McClure and Zimmerman, the bloom times are listed with each cultivar, along with the height, color, the ability to cut for arrangements and fragrance. Daffodils are available with double-blooms, different colors on the petals and the corona (center), large cup, short cup and other distinguishing features.

The maintenance of Daffodils strongly suggests letting the foliage die back naturally before removing the foliage in mid to late spring. Leaving the foliage post-bloom allows the individual plant to build energy for bloom the following year. Division of Daffodils every 5-8 years will increase bloom and allow you to plant divisions in other parts of your garden, a task well worth the effort.

A work-horse in early to mid spring, Daffodils are the back bone of perennial bulbs in our area. Plant in October or November at the specified depth, generally 6". If you have many to install, we suggest purchasing a bulb drill, a 2-3" auger-type drill bit which attaches to conventional drills. A drill using conventional electricity will allow you to plant more bulbs than a cordless drill using a battery. Plant, wait the winter out and enjoy the rewards of your labor in the spring.